There are several descriptions regarding the characteristics of AGA in patients of European descent. Asian patients with AGA have different types of hair loss and family histories from Europeans, which may affect treatment response. Therefore, in this review, prevalence, hair loss patterns, familial factors, androgen receptor gene polymorphisms of Asian AGA patients, and management based on algorithmic guidelines for AGA are discussed. This review may be useful for dermatologists in clinical practice for diagnosing and designing management approaches for Asian patients with AGA. The term "androgenetic alopecia AGA " was introduced by Orentreich 1 in , but the same condition in men has also been termed male pattern alopecia, common baldness, male pattern baldness, and male pattern hair loss MPHL. Androgen dependence and hereditary factors are less obvious in affected women than in affected men, thus the term pattern hair loss, which is a much broader concept, is preferred for women.
Hair Loss More Evident in Asian Men, Previously with the Lowest Incidence
Characteristics of Androgenetic Alopecia in Asian
With hair loss on the rise, Asia's men grapple with what it means to be bald. Despite his father having an "m-shaped" hairline, Alex Han from northeast China never thought he'd experience hair loss in his 20s. While studies have suggested almost all Caucasian men will eventually face some degree of male pattern baldness -- and around half can expect to lose their hair by middle age -- Asian men, and East Asians in particular, have historically experienced the lowest incidence of hair loss in the world. Earlier research from South Korea suggested that only But as Han, now 34, later discovered, genetics isn't everything.
The Prevalence of Male Pattern Baldness in Asian Men
As the name implies, androgenetic alopecia, the medical name for male or female pattern baldness, has a genetic component. So do Asian people have a greater or lesser risk of hair loss as a result? By contrast, the natural occurrence of androgenetic alopecia in people of Asian ancestry is lower. Before the age of 40, androgenetic alopecia is minimal for those of Asian descent. For Korean men, the tendency for hair loss is
However, historically, Asian men, particularly East Asian males, have the lowest hair loss incidence in the world are now experiencing a sharp increase due to changing lifestyles. Hair loss also steadily increased as men aged, but it was still lower than Caucasians, with 2. The prevalence of pattern baldness was affected by a person's smoking status, smoking intensity, and his current amount of cigarette smoking, after controlling for age and family status. A survey by the China Association of Health Promotion and Education discovered that around million males were troubled by hair loss.