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What to know about hyperpigmentation
Melasma, Dark Patches And Skin Discoloration | Franciscan Health
Patches of discolored skin are common and have many different causes, including birthmarks, pigmentation disorders, rashes, and infections. Some causes are harmless, but others will require medical attention. Skin contains melanin, which is the pigment that gives the skin its color. Having more melanin makes the skin darker, while less of it results in lighter skin.
Causes and Treatments for Skin Discoloration
Facial discoloration is often caused by the development of skin conditions such as melasma or brown spots. Patches of skin on the face darken in color as a result of ultraviolet light exposure, hormones and the aging process. The areas most frequently affected are those that commonly come into contact with the sun and other harsh elements, including the cheeks and forehead. Recommendations for improving the appearance of facial discoloration typically include the regular use of sunscreen and avoiding sun exposure as much as possible.
Birthmarks and other skin pigmentation coloration disorders affect many people. Some of the most common problems are listed below. If you think you have one of these pigmentation abnormalities, be sure to see a physician or dermatologist to receive an official diagnosis.