Sperm washing is the process in which individual sperms are separated from the semen. Washed sperm is used in artificial insemination using the intrauterine insemination IUI technique and in in vitro fertilization IVF. It may also be used to decrease the risk of HIV transmission by an HIV-positive male, in which case the washed sperm is injected into a female using an artificial insemination technique. Sperm washing involves removing any mucus and non-motile sperm in the semen to improve the chances of fertilization and to extract certain disease-carrying material in the semen. Sperm washing is a standard procedure in infertility treatment.
Sperm Swim up – Percoll
Sperm washing - Wikipedia
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Step-by-Step: Sperm Washing
Artificial Insemination in Farm Animals. The Artificial Insemination AI is the first option treatment for infertile couples with cervical factor subfertility, mild-moderate male subfertility and unexplained infertility. With the exception of cases in which the use of in vitro fertilization IVF or ICSI is strictly due as a consequence of a severe male or female factor, the artificial insemination must be part of a gradual approach to the techniques of artificial insemination. The AI, as other assisted reproductive techniques, needs a selection of the ejaculated spermatozoa before the performance of the treatment.
See resources at the end. Ask members of your support system, such as other people living with HIV and your medical providers. Be aware that your doctor may have to sign a statement verifying that you're in good health.